Othello, a Strategy Board Game

Othello, or also be called Reversi, is a strategy board game that can only be played by two people. This board game is using a board full of box lines of 8×8. Each player will be given some chips that colored in black and white on each side of the chip. The objective of this game is you have to win by having the most chips. This board game is simple, so it’s suitable to play with your family.

History of original Othello, Reversi

The history of Othello starts in 1883, but that day the game was called Reversi. Reversi’s invention was a silly story between two Englishmen. They are Lewis Waterman and John W. Mollet. Both of them claim that he is the one who invented the game, and they also start to denounce each other as a fraud. At the end of the 19th century, this strategy board game reached its popularity in England. It was mentioned for the first time in a London weekly newspaper, The Saturday Review, in 1886. Then, the popularity reached into the United States. In the United States, it was mentioned in The New York Times newspaper in 1895.

Modern Reversi, Othello

Back then, the name was Reversi. Nowadays, you know that this board game was called by the name of Othello. It was patented by a Japanese salary man named Hasegawa Goro in Japan, 1971. There are a few differences if you compare it with the old and original Reversi. Hasegawa chose Othello’s name because he inspired from the name of Shakespeare theater play with the same title: Othello, The Moor of Venice.

In March 1973, Hasegawa Goro established Japan Othello Association. In April, a month after establishment, Japan Othello Association held its first national Othello championship. A Japanese game company, Tsukuda Original, massively produced this strategy board game for its Sakura country under Hasegawa’s license, right after the championship ended.

Strategy Board Game? That is Chess

Chess is a strategy board game that can only be played by two people. This game played in a board that consists of 64 boxes. Arranged in a plot of 8×8, and divided equally (32 boxes for each player) in a group of black boxes and white boxes. This board game is probably the most famous in the world. Thanks to how old the game is. It can be traced that chess has a history of the championship since 1490.

The history of chess

It was allegedly by historians that chess came from India before the 7th Century. At first, the game was called by name Chaturanga. Historians also assumed that Chaturanga is the ancestor of other similar strategy board games. Such as Xiangqi (China), Janggi (Korea), and Shogi (Japan). The difference between Chaturanga and chess nowadays is Chaturanga was played by four players in the age of ancient India. Meanwhile, chess nowadays can be only by two players.

The rules of chess pieces’ movement changed into rules. That we know nowadays started in Spain around the end of the 15th Century. After that, a few rules standardization also happened in the 19th Century. The first world official chess champion was also recorded during that time.

It was Wilhelm Steinitz, who achieve the first chess champion at that time. Since 1948 until now, Federation Internationale des Echecs (or FIDE), always held the world championship of this strategy board game.

Other similar games

As mentioned, historians assumed that chess originally from ancient India before the 7th Century. After the influence from India, nearby countries such as Korea (Janggi), China (Xiangqi), and Japan (Shogi). Created their own strategy board game inspired by Chaturanga from India. Their board games become very educative. Especially for the royalties during that time to learn war strategies because these countries during that age were always on wars.

Fun Board Game? That is Scrabble,

Fun board game – Scrabble is a board game that requires you to arrange words on the board. This game can be played by two up to four people. Your objective is to collect points by placing a letter by letters and arrange it into a word in English.

What is the difficulty?

The difficulty of this game is not very hard, and this is a fun board game to play with your family. Also, this game is much educative, especially for people who are not native English speakers or who want to learn English. They will be able to learn some English words, few by few in no time.

For the first time, Scrabble created in 1938 under a different name called Criss-Crosswords by an architect, Alfred Mosher Butts. This fun board game is actually an improved version of its previous word game, Lexiko, who also created by Alfred Mosher Butts too.

Alfred tried to offers this fun board game to many game companies. However, all of those companies are not interested in that game. Until 1948, a lawyer from Newtown, Connecticut, named James Brunot, came to Alfred and bought the production license of Criss-Crosswords.

He promised to give royalty to Alfred for every unit of this board game got sold. As the new owner, James Brunot changed the game’s name into Scrabble, changed a few bonus boxes, and simplified the rules. Scrabble was sold, one of the buyers is Macy’s, a department store that lifts Scrabble into a game that board game that people want to buy.

In 1953, James Brunot sold the production license to Selchow and Righter Company. Because of the capacity production can’t be handled. Ironically, Selchow and Righter were one of the companies that refused to sell the game when Alfred offered back then. Now, at least three families in America own one of this fun board game. If you are interested to learn English, this game is my recommendation.

Entertainment: Benefits of Hearing Music

One entertainment that is very often done is listening to music. Listening to music can be done at any time while studying while doing a task, or while relaxing. Listening to music is the easiest entertainment to do because access to listen to music that is already available is so many and free. Without realizing it, there are many benefits to hearing music. Here are the benefits.

Sleep well

For those of you who have insomnia problems, the easiest way to cure them is to listen to music. Music that calms the mind and soul can help you sleep better.

Restore lost memories

The next benefits of hearing music is restoring lost memories. Music can help people remember songs and restore memories related to the song. Because the part of the brain that functions to process music is next to the memory in the brain. Music therapy is used for people with Alzheimer’s.

Control your appetite

Interestingly fact, it turns out eating while listening to music can help slow the movement of eating. This, of course, you can make as a natural way to lose weight.

Make the patient relax before the operation

Often patients feel fear and stress when they are waiting to be operated on. But when listening to music, patients can divert and win minds.

Control emotions while driving

The next benefits of hearing music is controlling emotions. Listening to music while driving is a common thing and is often done by most people. This happens not without reason. Music apparently can make the driver not the sleepy and more pleasant mood.

Relieves pain

Music works on the automatic nervous system and can relieve chronic pain as well as postoperative pain. Music therapy is now used in hospitals as a substitute for painkillers during childbirth, anesthesia, and post-surgery.

Good for the physical and mental development of the fetus

Pregnant women are advised to listen to music. Because a fetus that is always played music since in the womb has a more positive physical and mental development after birth. Also, they will have better motor, intellectual and linguistic intelligence. This are the benefits of hearing music.

Entertainments on the Internet

When you online but don’t know what to do on the internet, there are solutions for that. There are solutions to get rid of your boredom when you online. It is because the internet is wide, so you don’t have to be worry. In this article, we will talk about some entertainments on the internet.

Look at memes

This is classic, we can look at many memes on the internet. Memes basically formed as humorous pictures or videos that spread on the internet. The meme is one of many solutions to get rid of your boredom.

The website that full of memes is 9GAG. 9GAG is a website that contains many funny contents that focus on pictures and videos with their own literation. Memes will be funny if you understand what does the literation means. 9GAG memes have many kinds of categories, like comic, food, animal, and many more. 9GAG also available as a downloadable app in the PlayStore and AppStore, so you can enjoy them anytime and anywhere you go, as long as you connected to the internet.

Watching YouTube video

YouTube is a paradise of creativity. There are many kinds of videos you can watch on Youtube. Entertainments on the internet, especially on YouTube, contains their own creativity. You can watch a normal educative video, or you can watch the funniest and silliest video.

The most recommended YouTuber you can watch every time is PewDiePie. This Sweden YouTuber was the most subscribed on YouTube until T-Series take over it. Contents you can enjoy from PewDiePie are memes and games.

Streaming movies at Netflix

With the advancement of technology, you probably don’t need a daily channel to watch some movies on TV. Netflix is one of many entertainments on the internet that you can enjoy. Netflix will let you stream a movie or series in high definition.